Groundhogs eating food

6 Steps to Protect Your Vegetable Garden From Groundhogs

Protect Your Vegetable Garden From Birds and Groundhogs 

What’s more annoying than preparing your planting beds and carefully adding seedlings or transplants, only to have birds swoop down and peck at everything? Or having groundhogs stumble upon your garden just to quickly wipe it out with their voracious appetite?

Flying creatures like blackbirds, grackles (the bane of my existence, but I digress), crows, and starlings all have a bad and well-earned reputation amongst gardeners. But here’s the complicating factor — you don’t want to harm the birds, you just want them to leave your dang tomatoes alone, am I right? After all, the same birds that damage your garden are the very same ones that eat all the pesky bugs that also damage your garden.

Groundhogs, aka woodchucks, are squirrel relatives. They weigh a chunky 4 – 14 pounds and have long coarse and grayish-brown coats. Groundhogs live in fields, pastures and gardens from Alabama to Alaska and burrow. They spend the warmer months underground, coming out to feed in the early morning and at dusk. Burrows are about 2 – 4 feet underground, running from 15 – 25 feet horizontally. A pile of fresh soil around the hole typically identifies the main entrance. Other entrances are usually hidden in vegetation. Some of their favorite foods include peas, broccoli, carrot tops. lettuce, and squash. They like to snack on flowers like daisies, lillies, oansies, marigolds, and sunflowers, too. So, if you grow any/all of these. this one’s for you.

Fortunately, there are methods you can implement to protect against these pesky creatures and protect your plants without the use of  harmful methods. Let’s take a look.

Protect Garden from Birds


For the Birds

Bird Netting. This is the most effective strategy, but it can also be messy. Raise your hand if you’ve ever covered your veggies with bird netting, only to have it become a tangled mess? Yep, join the club. So plan to use some inexpensive PVC pipe to create a couple of hoops from one side of your bed to the other, then drape bird netting over that. Secure with wire or landscape pins into the soil, and carefully lift up one side when it’s time to harvest. I know, it’s a bit of a hassle, but at least you’ll have produce to harvest.

Mylar Balloons. Mylar balloons or reflective surveyor’s tape do the same thing — create a shiny, reflective flash that birds hate. Ever heard of hanging old CDs overhead as well? That’s the same concept. To keep this one effective, plan to move the balloons or tape around every few days to confuse the birds.

Covers. Covers are great for small seedlings (under 8”), then as the plants get bigger you can switch to one of these other suggestions. Use upside down crates or disposable cups with the bottoms cut out to temporarily cover tender seedlings and protect them. They’ll still get sun and air circulation.

High-Tech Fake Owls. While I’ve not tried this one myself, I know plenty of other gardeners who have. These fake owls move (spin, actually) and emit sounds that scare off potential feathered pests. As with the mylar balloons, plan to move the fake owl around the garden to keep the birds on their toes.

Fishing Line. Nobody really knows why this one works, but it does. Got a row of seedlings? Drive a stake into each end of the row, then string 20-lb or greater fishing line monofilament) from one stake to the other, right above the row of plants. There is something about this fishing line that birds can’t stand, and it keeps them from coming near your wee veggies for their afternoon snack.

Tip: If you have bird feeders, make sure you place them well away from your edible garden. You don’t want to attract them with an appetizer only to have them realize there’s a full entrée nearby.

Protect veggies from birds

For the Groundhogs

Scare Them. Groundhogs are shy. Noisy moving items may work. Use wind chimes, pinwheels or other decorative but functional items.

Fence Them Out. Groundhogs can jump short fences and tunnel under others, so it’s important to do this right. Buy chicken wire (at least six feet tall) and five-foot posts. Bury the wire twelve inches deep to prevent tunneling. Attach the fencing to the posts except for the top foot. Bend that away from your garden to keep groundhogs from climbing over it.

You can also put three-foot-wide chicken wire around your garden and install a four to six-foot high fence six inches from the edge of the flat wire closest to your garden. This leaves two-and-a-half feet on the outside of the fence line. Leave the top foot unattached and bent away from the garden. The flat wire keeps groundhogs from digging under the fence and saves you from digging a trench.

Relocation. Catch-and-release is an effective and humane method. Set live traps five to ten feet from the burrow and bait them with the groundhogs’ garden favorites. Your local Humane Society or Extension Office can tell you where to release your groundhogs and may even lend you the live traps.

Safety first, these are wild animals! Wear sturdy gloves and pick up the trap by the handles. You may catch other animals, too. The animals’ safety is also important. Check your traps often so animals aren’t confined for days with no food or water.

Tips for Successful Live Trapping:

  • Wash traps before use with unscented dish soap. Wear rubber gloves when setting them. Groundhogs have keen senses of smell and will avoid the trap if it smells like a human.
  • Keep traps from moving. The animal’s weight may shake the trap setting it off too soon. It may also be suspicious of the movement and avoid the trap. Put the trap on a flat surface and brace it with heavy logs or rocks.
  • Wash traps after use. Trapped and frightened animals often empty their bladders.

Other Methods. Proper landscape maintenance discourages groundhogs from settling in the first place. Clear away brush, woodpiles and other places that provide cover.

Organic repellents are available in granules and liquid form. They work through taste and odor, so don’t apply them to your vegetables. Instead, apply to the stems and leaves.

Lastly, give them a garden of their own! If you plant a “groundhog garden” with favorites such as clover and alfalfa, they may never venture near your garden. Make sure to plant the “groundhog garden” near their burrow.





How do you keep pests out of your garden? Let us know on Instagram and Facebook with #OrganicBuildsLife.

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